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List of WIPO Standards, Recommendations and Guidelines

Part 3 of the Handbook on Intellectual Property Information and Documentation

Who are WIPO Standards for?

WIPO Standards are presented as recommendations and are directed to states and international organizations, in particular to their national or regional intellectual property offices, to the International Bureau of WIPO, and to any other national or international institution interested in intellectual property documentation.

All documents listed below are in PDF format.

Standard Title Latest Update

Standards of a general nature, common to information and documentation

ST.2 Manner for designating calendar dates May 1997
ST.3 Two-letter codes for the representation of states, other entities and organizations September 2023
ST.13 Numbering of applications for IPRs February 2008
ST.90 Recommendation for processing and communicating Intellectual Property data using Web APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) February 2023
ST.91 Recommendations on digital three-dimensional (3D) models and 3D images November 2021
ST.96 Processing of Intellectual Property information using XML

Related Resource: ST.96 XML Examples

April 2023
ST.97 Recommendation for Processing of Intellectual Property Data Using JSON
    January 2023

    Standards relating to patent information and documentation

    ST.1 Minimum data elements required to uniquely identify a patent document May 2001
    ST.6 Numbering of published patent documents December 2002
    ST.8 IPC symbols on machine-readable records March 2011
    ST.9 Bibliographic data on and relating to patents and SPCs June 2013
    ST.10 Published patent documents November 1997
    ST.10a Format of patent documents April 1994
    ST.10b Layout of bibliographic data components December 2008
    ST.10c Presentation of bibliographic data components August 2017
    ST.10d Physical characteristics of patent documents October 2016
    ST.11 Minimum of indexes to be inserted in patent gazettes December 1990
    ST.12 Preparation of abstracts of patent documents April 1994
    ST.12a Abstracts of patent documents April 1994
    ST.12b Categorized patent abstract April 1994
    ST.12c Physical characteristics of separately published abstracts April 1994
    ST.14 References cited in patent documents May 2016
    ST.15 Titles of inventions in patent documents December 1995
    ST.16 Identification of different kinds of patent documents October 2016
    ST.17 Coding of headings of announcements made in official gazettes December 1990
    ST.18 Patent gazettes and other patent announcement journals November 1997
    ST.19 Indexes issued by IPO December 1990
    ST.20 Name indexes to patent documents December 1993
    ST.21 Reduction of volume of priority documents April 1994
    ST.22 Authoring of patent applications for the purpose of OCR December 2008
    ST.25 Presentation of nucleotide and amino acid sequence listings December 2009

    Presentation of nucleotide and amino acid sequence listings using XML (version 1.7, entered into force on July 1, 2024)

    Related Resource: WIPO Sequence software tool
    January 2024

    Presentation of nucleotide and amino acid sequence listings using XML (Previous version 1.6)

    June 2023
      Presentation of nucleotide and amino acid sequence listings using XML (Previous version 1.5) November 2021
    ST.27 Exchange of Patent Legal Status Data

    Related Resource: Mapping tables of national/regional patent legal status events to ST.27

    November 2021
    ST.31 Character sets for the exchange of patent documents October 1996
    ST.32 Markup of patent documents using SGML November 1995
    ST.33 Data exchange of facsimile information of patent documents February 1999
    ST.34 Recording of application numbers in electronic form December 2008
    ST.35 Data exchange of mixed-mode published patent information on MMMT December 1999
    ST.36 Processing of patent information using XML November 2007
    ST.37 Authority File of Published Patent Documents Related Resource: Authority File Portal November 2021
    ST.40 Facsimile images of patent documents available on CD-ROM April 1993
    ST.50 Corrections, alterations and supplements relating to patent information December 2009

    Standards relating to trademark information and documentation

    ST.60 Bibliographic data relating to marks September 2019

    Recommendation for the exchange of trademark legal status data

    Related Resource: Mapping tables of national/regional trademark legal status events to ST.61

    December 2023
    ST.62 Standard abbreviation for “Vienna Classification” December 1992
    ST.63 Content and layout of trademark gazettes November 1997
    ST.64 Search files for trademark search May 1996
    ST.66 Processing of trademark information using XML March 2012
    ST.67 Electronic management of the figurative elements of trademarks July 2012
    ST.68 Electronic management of sound marks June 2016
    ST.69 Electronic management of motion and multimedia marks December 2020

    Standards relating to industrial design information and documentation

    ST.80 Bibliographic data relating to industrial designs January 2004
    ST.81 Content and layout of industrial designs gazettes November 1997
    ST.86 Processing of industrial design information using XML February 2008

    Exchange of industrial design legal status data

    Related Resource: Mapping tables of national/regional industrial design legal status events to ST.87

    December 2022
    ST.88 Electronic representation of industrial designs December 2023