About Intellectual Property IP Training IP Outreach IP for… IP and... IP in... Patent & Technology Information Trademark Information Industrial Design Information Geographical Indication Information Plant Variety Information (UPOV) IP Laws, Treaties & Judgements IP Resources IP Reports Patent Protection Trademark Protection Industrial Design Protection Geographical Indication Protection Plant Variety Protection (UPOV) IP Dispute Resolution IP Office Business Solutions Paying for IP Services Negotiation & Decision-Making Development Cooperation Innovation Support Public-Private Partnerships The Organization Working with WIPO Accountability Patents Trademarks Industrial Designs Geographical Indications Copyright Trade Secrets WIPO Academy Workshops & Seminars World IP Day WIPO Magazine Raising Awareness Case Studies & Success Stories IP News WIPO Awards Business Universities Indigenous Peoples Judiciaries Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions Economics Gender Equality Global Health Climate Change Competition Policy Sustainable Development Goals Enforcement Frontier Technologies Mobile Applications Sports Tourism PATENTSCOPE Patent Analytics International Patent Classification ARDI – Research for Innovation ASPI – Specialized Patent Information Global Brand Database Madrid Monitor Article 6ter Express Database Nice Classification Vienna Classification Global Design Database International Designs Bulletin Hague Express Database Locarno Classification Lisbon Express Database Global Brand Database for GIs PLUTO Plant Variety Database GENIE Database WIPO-Administered Treaties WIPO Lex - IP Laws, Treaties & Judgments WIPO Standards IP Statistics WIPO Pearl (Terminology) WIPO Publications Country IP Profiles WIPO Knowledge Center WIPO Technology Trends Global Innovation Index World Intellectual Property Report PCT – The International Patent System ePCT Budapest – The International Microorganism Deposit System Madrid – The International Trademark System eMadrid Article 6ter (armorial bearings, flags, state emblems) Hague – The International Design System eHague Lisbon – The International System of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications eLisbon UPOV PRISMA Mediation Arbitration Expert Determination Domain Name Disputes Centralized Access to Search and Examination (CASE) Digital Access Service (DAS) WIPO Pay Current Account at WIPO WIPO Assemblies Standing Committees Calendar of Meetings WIPO Official Documents Development Agenda Technical Assistance IP Training Institutions COVID-19 Support National IP Strategies Policy & Legislative Advice Cooperation Hub Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISC) Technology Transfer Inventor Assistance Program WIPO GREEN WIPO's Pat-INFORMED Accessible Books Consortium WIPO for Creators WIPO ALERT Member States Observers Director General Activities by Unit External Offices Job Vacancies Procurement Results & Budget Financial Reporting Oversight

IP and Economics

Intellectual property (IP) protection is an important component of national economic policies. Governments face complex choices on how to design an IP system that best serves their policy objectives, and how to respond to changes in technology and in business models that challenge the status quo.

WIPO seeks to contribute to a better understanding of the economic effects of different IP policy choices and to offer a first entry point for information on the economics of IP.

Email updates

Economics & Statistics Highlights – Information about new economics & statistics publications and tools from WIPO. 4-7 per year.

Sign up | All WIPO newsletters

Innovation Economics Themes

(Photo: Getty Images

Innovation Hotspots

Figuring out where innovators are and connecting them opens the gateway to a vibrant, global innovation ecosystem.

Photo: Getty Images

Innovation Gender Gap

Studying the gender gap in the IP system is a step towards fostering a more inclusive innovation landscape.

Photo: Getty Images

Innovating Towards Development

How can innovation improve social and economic performance of developing countries?

Creative Economy Notes

This interactive series draws on original economic research to stimulate thinking on how the intellectual property framework can best serve the creative industries.

Economic research portal


Resources for Researchers

Find academic literature, data and tools in the field of the economics of innovation and intellectual property (IP).


IP Statistics Data Center

Access to WIPO’s statistical data on intellectual property (IP) activity worldwide.

Economic effects of innovation policies

How do government policies impact innovation? We distill the economic thinking on the topic and provide empirical evidence to help inform policymakers of the dynamic effects of the different policies on innovation and economic growth.


World Intellectual Property Report

WIPO’s flagship analytical publication that examines different themes of innovation. Published every two years.

Global Innovation Index

The Global Innovation Index (GII) provides detailed metrics about the innovation performance of more than 130 countries and economies around the world.

WIPO economic research working papers

Economic research papers produced by the Department of Economics and Data Analytics.

(Photo: Construction Photography/Avalon/Getty Images)

Intellectual Property, Innovation and Economic Development series

This series of scholarly research is published in collaboration with Cambridge University Press. Each book in the series examines a major aspect of the interface between IP, innovation and economic development.


Innovation, IP and Development

Empirical economic studies examining the impact of IP on innovation and economic growth in less-developed economies.

Photo: peterschreiber.media/Getty Images

Innovation and IP Research Guidelines

Collection of guidelines on best practices when conducting empirical research.

Related links

IP statistics

WIPO cooperates with IP offices across the world to collate, analyze and publish up-to-date statistics, including reports on IP filing activity worldwide. Find out more about WIPO statistics.