About Intellectual Property IP Training IP Outreach IP for… IP and... IP in... Patent & Technology Information Trademark Information Industrial Design Information Geographical Indication Information Plant Variety Information (UPOV) IP Laws, Treaties & Judgements IP Resources IP Reports Patent Protection Trademark Protection Industrial Design Protection Geographical Indication Protection Plant Variety Protection (UPOV) IP Dispute Resolution IP Office Business Solutions Paying for IP Services Negotiation & Decision-Making Development Cooperation Innovation Support Public-Private Partnerships The Organization Working with WIPO Accountability Patents Trademarks Industrial Designs Geographical Indications Copyright Trade Secrets WIPO Academy Workshops & Seminars World IP Day WIPO Magazine Raising Awareness Case Studies & Success Stories IP News WIPO Awards Business Universities Indigenous Peoples Judiciaries Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions Economics Gender Equality Global Health Climate Change Competition Policy Sustainable Development Goals Enforcement Frontier Technologies Mobile Applications Sports Tourism PATENTSCOPE Patent Analytics International Patent Classification ARDI – Research for Innovation ASPI – Specialized Patent Information Global Brand Database Madrid Monitor Article 6ter Express Database Nice Classification Vienna Classification Global Design Database International Designs Bulletin Hague Express Database Locarno Classification Lisbon Express Database Global Brand Database for GIs PLUTO Plant Variety Database GENIE Database WIPO-Administered Treaties WIPO Lex - IP Laws, Treaties & Judgments WIPO Standards IP Statistics WIPO Pearl (Terminology) WIPO Publications Country IP Profiles WIPO Knowledge Center WIPO Technology Trends Global Innovation Index World Intellectual Property Report PCT – The International Patent System ePCT Budapest – The International Microorganism Deposit System Madrid – The International Trademark System eMadrid Article 6ter (armorial bearings, flags, state emblems) Hague – The International Design System eHague Lisbon – The International System of Appellations of Origin and Geographical Indications eLisbon UPOV PRISMA Mediation Arbitration Expert Determination Domain Name Disputes Centralized Access to Search and Examination (CASE) Digital Access Service (DAS) WIPO Pay Current Account at WIPO WIPO Assemblies Standing Committees Calendar of Meetings WIPO Official Documents Development Agenda Technical Assistance IP Training Institutions COVID-19 Support National IP Strategies Policy & Legislative Advice Cooperation Hub Technology and Innovation Support Centers (TISC) Technology Transfer Inventor Assistance Program WIPO GREEN WIPO's Pat-INFORMED Accessible Books Consortium WIPO for Creators WIPO ALERT Member States Observers Director General Activities by Unit External Offices Job Vacancies Procurement Results & Budget Financial Reporting Oversight

Intellectual Property and Frontier Technologies

The last two decades have seen an explosion of technologies that are transforming how we work and live in an increasingly interconnected digital world. The emergence and merging of frontier technologies is at the heart of what is sometimes termed Fourth Industrial Revolution or Industry 4.0. Frontier technologies are changing how we do business, how we innovate and create and the rate of change is increasing exponentially.

Getting the innovation ecosystem ready for AI - An IP policy toolkit PDF, Getting the innovation ecosystem ready for AI - An IP policy toolkit

Generative AI: Navigating Intellectual Property PDF, Blockchain white paper for IP ecosystem

WIPO IP and Frontier Technologies Factsheet PDF, Blockchain white paper for IP ecosystem

AI Inventions FactsheetPDF, AI inventions white paper for IP ecosystem Metaverse Factsheet PDF, AI inventions white paper for IP ecosystem

Frontier technologies provide opportunities for economic growth. In order to harness these opportunities for all, we need to ensure that the intellectual property (IP) system continues to foster innovation and creation and that the systems for IP administration evolve.

The field of frontier technologies is rapidly evolving and although there is no agreed definition for this concept, frontier technologies share some common features. They operate at the intersection of radical scientific developments and real-world implementation. Furthermore, they are changing the way we communicate, solve problems, provide goods and services, create and do business. Frontier technologies could be described as advanced technology that can address global issues.

Examples of frontier technologies

Frontier technologies include:

  • digital technologies, such as the Internet of things (loT), blockchain, the metaverse, artificial intelligence (Al), including GenAI, big data and cloud computing
  • physical technologies, such as autonomous driving, 3D printing and hardware innovations and
  • biological technologies such as genetic engineering, human augmentation and the brain-computer-interface.

Data and intangible assets are the bedrock of our new, digitalized world. IP is rapidly gaining increasing importance over physical assets.

The IP system that we have today was developed with a focus on human creation and innovation and to encourage the development of technologies that enabled production process and trade of physical products. The IP system was also designed when the speed of innovation and creation was much slower than it is today.

One of the important tasks that we face today is to ensure that the current IP system continues to promote innovation in the age of frontier technologies.

In the new digital age, innovation and creation are happening much faster. The number of IP filings are increasing rapidly but also subject to more volatile ups and downs. Markets are globalizing and intangible assets are flowing much more freely across borders.

Frontier technologies have the potential to make IP and the IP system easier to access, more efficient and more understandable.

At WIPO, the IP and Frontier Technologies Division facilitates discussion and knowledge building among Member States and other stakeholders on the impact of frontier technologies on IP to support well-informed policy choices. The WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies is the main strand to that engagement.

The Division provides practical tools and guidance to help us all navigate IP questions in the new digital world and runs diverse projects in support of inclusive IP and innovation ecosystem.

WIPO also develops practical guidance and tools relating to frontier technologies and IP and assists in the knowledge transfer and technology adaptation of platforms and tools for IP administration that utilize frontier technologies.

The Ninth Session of the WIPO Conversation - Training the Machines – Bytes, Rights and the Copyright Conundrum was held on March 13-14 and looked into the interconnection between training data and IP.

The agenda is available PDF, Agenda for 9th Session.

To allow as wide participation as possible, WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies is held in a hybrid form. Onsite presence is limited to official representatives of the WIPO Member States and Observers. Virtual participation is open to all and there are plenty of options to participate actively with questions and interventions. Let us know if you want to be involved in the discussion.

The Eighth Session of the WIPO Conversation - GenAI and IP took place on September 20-21, 2023 and attracted more than 5’000 registrants from 162 countries.

March 13 and 14, 2024

Watch the event

To receive regular updates about our events and projects, subscribe to our newsletter.

The WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies

The WIPO Conversation on IP and Frontier Technologies provides an open, inclusive forum to engage with and facilitate discussion and knowledge building among the widest possible set of stakeholders on the impact on IP of frontier technologies, including artificial intelligence (AI).

WIPO generally holds two sessions of the Conversation each year in a format that allows the widest possible global audience to participate. Topics of the Conversation include the uses and applications of frontier technologies to assist IP Offices and IP owners as well as more conceptual policy based discussions.

Over the last 5 years, almost 9’000 people have participated in the WIPO Conversation, from 172 countries.

Past sessions of the WIPO Conversation focused on GenAI, the Metaversedata and frontier technologies in IP administration

The ninth session of the WIPO Conversation took place on March 13 and 14, 2024. The topic of the session was Training the Machines – Bytes, Rights and the Copyright Conundrum.

Frontier technologies and WIPO's scope of work

These are just a few areas of WIPO’s work on IP and frontier Technologies in our expanding scope.

artificial intelligence chipset circuit board
(Photo: WIPO)

Artificial Intelligence

The growth of AI across a range of technical fields raises a number of policy questions with respect to IP. The main focus of those questions is whether the existing IP system needs to be modified to provide balanced protection for machine created works and inventions, AI itself and the data AI relies on to operate.

conceptual representation of the metaverse

Intellectual Property and the Metaverse

The metaverse is a real opportunity to drive economic growth and bring its benefits to everyone, everywhere. With the digitalization going forward, IP will be one of the key drivers fostering innovation in technologies that will build the metaverse and in providing a basis for generating economic activity and growth.

cyber data circulating across a network
(Photo: WIPO)


All frontier technologies are fueled by accelerating digitalization, rely on data and often generate data. Find out why this intangible asset increasingly matters and is changing how we do business, innovate and create.

conceptual representation of artificial intelligence technology
(Photo: WIPO)

Frontier Technologies in IP administration

Frontier technologies, AI, big data analytics and new technologies such as blockchain can be used to address the growing challenges facing IP offices in order to make it efficient and accessible for everyone, everywhere.

decentralized blockchain infrastructure
(Photo: WIPO)

Blockchain Technology

WIPO in consultation with IP offices and other stakeholders has prepared the Blockchain white paper for IP ecosystems PDF, Blockchain white paper for IP ecosystem. The Committee on WIPO Standards (CWS) established a Blockchain Taskforce in 2018 to explore, amongst others, the possibility of using blockchain technology for IP administration, collect information about IPO blockchain initiatives and prepare a proposal for a new WIPO standard applying blockchain technology.

Frontier technologies news

From stories, to reports, news and more, we publish content on the topics most discussed in the field of IP and frontier technologies.

Trademarks in the metaverse
(Photo: Diamond Dogs / iStock / Getty Images Plus)

Trademarks in the metaverse

While the metaverse is still developing, it has gained a foothold in a number of sectors and is expected to expand and become an ever richer environment for users. For brand owners, protecting their brands in the metaverse will be critical, and getting ready to play in the new meta sandbox will require a legal strategy.

Beewise: out-of-the-box thinking to save the world’s bees
(Photo: JLGutierrez / E+ / Getty Images)

Beewise: out-of-the-box thinking to save the world’s bees

Saar Safra, CEO of Israeli start-up Beewise, is on a mission to save bees − and at scale − using artificial intelligence (AI), computer vision and robotics. Mr. Safra explains how Beewise’s high-tech solution is helping to save the world’s bees. He also discusses the role that intellectual property (IP) plays in supporting small companies like Beewise, which are working to tackle some of the world’s most pressing challenges.

Beewise: out-of-the-box thinking to save the world’s bees
(Photo: Getty Images Plus / iStock / metamorworks)

Digital economy: the search for new governance mechanisms

As we transition to the digital economy, and seek new approaches to digital governance, the time is ripe to re-visit the philosophical underpinnings of the modern market economy.